We much accept our Bharatiya Marg concept for restoring our Paryavaran . Bharatiya texts such as the Arthashastra, Vedas, Manusmriti, Ramayana, Mahabharata etc., enable us to understand the concepts of Paryavaran conservation and maintaining Paryavaran ecology.
In Kautiiya’s Arthashastra, great importance has been laid on Paryavaran protection, and clear punishments have been prescribed on the basis of the importance of various parts of a particular tree. Manusmriti mentions about the optimum use of the resources of nature and also prescribes different punishment for causing injury to plants. People in Vedic times regarded nature and the Paryavaran in a holistic manner and revered each of its constituents and entities by carefully preserving them. In Rigveda, it has been mentioned that there are five elements which give basis to life and these elements are Earth, Water, Fire, Space and Air. The Atharvaveda talks about the relation of plants with earth, “The earth is keeper of creation, container of forests, trees and herbs.” And that plants are life forms. It also maintained that 'one tree is equal to ten sons.'
There are mentions of “panchvati” in ancient Indian texts, aincluding famous epic Ramayana. Cutting of trees, polluting air, water, land were regarded as sins as elements of nature were to be respected and regarded as Gods and Goddesses. Protection of their purity and wholesomeness was considered to be the duty of everyone. Hindu society did not consider it proper even to throw dust on a public path (highway). Rigveda , Manusmriti and Charaka Samhita have emphasised on the purity of water and healing and medicinal value of water.
We all now know that human well-being is directly dependent on healthy ecosystems and we must strive to heal our fractured relationship with nature. The rampant Covid-19 pandemic has exposed the limits of our dominance on earth and undermined development goals and aspirations. While we all enjoy the bounty of Bhumi Mata , how much do we actually do to safeguard her interests? From global warming to pollution, there are plenty of man-made problems that we dump, literally, on earth. If we are unable to change our habits, the earth day becomes only another day. On the other hand, India’s Vedic civilization has always revered the Earth as Vasundhara or Bhumata – the mother, nurturer and provider of all wealth – with a relationship of love and care as its hallmark. It is true that land was not sold in Indian philosophy. Selling of land is a British policy. On the other hand, if we see the tribal philosophy, we find that Adivasis take minimal resources from nature and it is a part of their tribal philosophy.
It is very important for qeveryone to understand that it is all related to each other. You cannot leave the forest while talking about water, or you cannot leave water while working on the problem of soil. This is one aspect of the solution. The second aspect is the use of the combined power of society. Personal effort is important, but if it is not made a part of social effort, then we cannot achieve our goal. To fulfil greed is not even in the nature of Prakriti.Let's involve our kids and youths for restoration of our Vasundhara , which is considered to be the best Karma! We have to be true to our paryavaran... we should take this promise from our heart.